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Mar 14, 2011

Future Utopia: Brave New World- Huxley

The term dystopia ("bad place") has recently come to be applied to works of fiction,
including science fiction, that represent a very unpleasant imaginary world in which
ominous tendencies of our present social, political, and technological order are
projected into a disastrous future culmination.
—M.H. Abrams in A glossary of Literary Terms
Huxley was described by V.S. Pritchett as "that rare being-the prodigy, the educable young man, the peremial asker of unusual questions." Brave New World opens in a technically advanced future world. Here Huxley: shifts his mildly satiric observations of a limited group of people to a broader and more ironic satire of a utopian society.

Brave New World is set in the future A.F. (After Ford) 632 in a society where war, hunger, suffering, disease are illiminated along with the freedom to have your own emotions, will, and mind. In this society, humans are: conceived and mass-produced in test tubes and are genetically engineered with standardized traits. In the beginning of this book, we see the Director of World Hatcheries lead the new hatchery students on a tour of a Conditioning Center in London where babies are produced in “clean bottles” and pre-sorted to determine which class level they will be born into. In this new world, people are conditioned from birth not to love one person, so there is no marriage and most people have many lovers: It was decided to abloish the love of nature, any any rate among the lower classes; to abloish the love of nature, but not the tendency to consume transport.

As a science fiction Brave New World confronted with a man, Bernard Marx, “an Alpha Plus”. He resorts to entertaining himself most evenings, without the company of a woman. This encourages his individual thought, and he realizes that independent thought is rewarding, and that he must strive to become a real individual. Marx felt extremely uncomfortable because a man so conventional, so scrupulously correct as the Director-and to commit so gross a solecism! It made him want to hide his face, to run out of the room. "Everybody belongs to everyone else" is the basic psychology of the society. This suggests that an individual owes everything to society, but society in turn owes everything to him or her. This applies to all. 

In Huxley's perfect world, sex is a mundane undertaking. It happens to each individual almost every night but no one knows what marriage is. They simply have each other and move on. Beeside it, the government is very cruel to the population of the country: In hundred and fifty weeks there are once more only a thousand millions; a thusand thousand thousand men and women have starved to death. A utopia, or perfect world, gone awry is displayed in Aldous Huxley's provocative novel Brave New World. Dystopia is drawn on “political and emotional events, and vision of future in contemporary fears of totalitarian ideology " (Baker).It is the situation that costs a piece of an unhealthy environment for human beings, is the theme of the novel. The dystopian setting is brought about by technology and by higher authorities. Just look at these words:
The first of a batch of two hundred and fifty embryonic rocket-plane engineers was just passing the eleven hundredth metre mark on Rack 3. A special mechanism kept their containers in constant rotation.
Huxley portrays a "perfect dystopia" where scientists "breed people to order" in a specific class (Baker). Everyone easily fulfils society's obligations and there are few surprises. If things should get stressful for any reason, there's always the wonder drug "soma". If anything goes wrong, there's always the "soma holiday" from life. Most of the Epsilon workers are paid in "soma" tablets to keep them happy.

In a dystopia there is no place for literature, “Beacause our world is not the same as Othello’s world. You can’t make flivvers without steel-and you can’t make tragedies without social insstability. The world is stable now.” The following lines are enough to describes the condiction of a famous literary book: It was thick book and looked very old. The binding had been eaten by mice; some of its pated were loose and crumbled. He picked it up, looked at tge title page: the books was called The Complete Works of William Shakespeare.
In the conversation and confessions of the controller to John, the controller states that Shakespeare is forbidden both because it's old and beautiful, qualities that might make people turn against the synthetic beauty of the Brave New World, and because the people wouldn't understand it" (Baker).

In conclusion, in Aldous Huxley's novel Brave New World there was a numerous amount of dystopia displayed. The first evidence of dystopia of the novel is presented when the Director of Hatcheries is looses himself in his thoughts of the past. Following that evidence, Brave there is the one where people such as Bernard are not able to express how they feel or how they think. Women can get pregnant and there is no sure way for the scientists to end this process of nature in this dystopia. The fourth evidence is how soma is used by people to accept their unhappiness.

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