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Sep 16, 2010

History of Newspaper & Printing

Nespaper History
  • 59 B.C.: Acta Diurna the first newspaper is published in Rome.
  • 1556: First monthly newspaper Notizie Scritte published in Venice.
  • 1605: First printed newspaper published weekly in Antwerp called Relation.
  • 1631: The first French newspaper published, the Gazette.
  • 1645: Post-och Inrikes Tidningar is published in Sweden and is still being published today, making it the world's oldest newspaper.
  • 1690: The first newspaper is published in America, Publick Occurrences.
  • 1702: The first English language daily newspaper is published called the Daily Courant. The Courant was first published (periodical)in 1621.
  • 1704: Considered the world’s first journalist, Daniel Defoe publishs the Review.
  • 1803: First newspapers published in Australia, the Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser.
  • 1830: Number of newspapers published in the U.S. is 715.
  • 1831: The famous abolitionist newspaper The Liberator is first published by William Lloyd Garrison.
  • 1833: The New York Sun newspaper costs one cent - the beginning of the penny press.
  • 1844: First newspaper published in Thailand.
  • 1848: The Brooklyn Freeman newspaper is first published by Walt Whitman.
  • 1850: P.T. Barnum starts running newspaper ads for Jenny Lind, the "Swedish Nightingale" performances in America.
  • 1851: The Post Office starts offering a special cheap newspaper rate.
  • 1855: First newspaper published in Sierra Leone.
  • 1856: The first full-page newspaper ad is published in the New York Ledger. Large type newspaper ads are made popular by photographer Mathew Brady. Machines now mechanically fold newspapers.
  • 1860: A "morgue" in newspaper terms means an archive. The New York Herald starts the first morgue.
  • 1864: William James Carlton of J. Walter Thompson Company begins selling advertising space in newspapers. The J. Walter Thompson Company is the longist running American advertising agency.
  • 1867: The first double column advertising appears for the department store Lord & Taylor.
  • 1869: Newspaper circulation numbers published by George P. Rowell in the first Rowell's American Newspaper Directory.
  • 1870: Number of newspapers published in the U.S. is 5,091.
  • 1871: First newspaper published in Japan - the daily Yokohama Mainichi Shimbun. Famous newspaper interview with explorer Stanley Livingston published.
  • 1873: First illustrated daily newspaper published in New York.
  • 1877: First weather report with map published in Australia. The Washington Post newspaper first publishes with a circulation of 10,000 and a cost of 3 cents per paper.
  • 1879: The benday process improves newspapers. The first whole page newspaper ad placed by an American department store (John Wanamaker) is run.
  • 1880: First halftone photograph (Shantytown) published in a newspaper.
  • 1885: Newspapers are delivered daily by train.
  • 1887: The San Francisco Examiner published.
  • 1893: The Royal Baking Powder Company becomes the biggest newspaper advertiser in the world.
  • 1903: The first tabloid style newspaper, the Daily Mirror is pblished.
  • 1931: Newspaper funnies now include Plainclothes Tracy starring Dick Tracy.
  • 1933: A war breaks out between the newspaper and radio industries. American newspapers try to force the Associated Press to terminate news service to radio stations.
  • 1954: There are more radios than there are daily newspapers.
  • 1955: Teletypesetting is used for newspapers.
  • 1967: Newspapers use digital production processes and began using computers for operations.
  • 1971: Use of Ooffset presses becomes common.
  • 1977: First public access to archives offered by Toronto Globe and Mail.

Printing History
  • 618 to 906: T’ang Dynasty - the first printing is done in China using ink on carved wooden blocks begins to make multiple transfers of an image to paper.
  • 868: The Diamond Sutra is printed.
  • 1241: Koreans print books using movable type.
  • 1300: The first use of wooden type in China.
  • 1309: Europeans first make paper. However, the Chinese and Egyptians had started making paper centuries previous.
  • 1338: First papermill opened in France.
  • 1390: First papermill opened in Germany.
  • 1392: Foundries that can produce bronze type are opened in Korea.
  • 1423: In Europe block printing is used to print books.
  • 1452: In Europe, metal plates are first used in printing. Gutenberg begins printing the Bible which he finishes in 1456.
  • 1457: First color printing by Fust and Schoeffer.
  • 1465: Drypoint engravings invented by Germans.
  • 1476: William Caxton begins using a Gutenberg printing press in England.
  • 1477: Intaglio is first used for book illustration for a Flemish book called Il Monte Sancto di Dio.
  • 1495: First papermill opened in England.
  • 1501: Italic type first used.
  • 1550: Wallpaper introduced in Europe.
  • 1605: First weekly newspaper published in Antwerp.
  • 1611: King James Bible published.
  • 1660: Mezzotint invented in Germany.
  • 1691: First papermill opened in the American colonies.
  • 1702: Multi-colored engraving invented by German Jakob Le Blon. The first English language daily newspaper is published called the Daily Courant.
  • 1725: In Scotland stereotyping invented by William Ged.
  • 1800: Iron printing presses invented.
  • 1819: Rotary printing press invented by Napier.
  • 1829: Embossed printing invented by Louis Braille.
  • 1841: Type-composing machine invented.
  • 1844: Electrotyping invented.
  • 1846: Cylinder press invented by Richard Hoe. Cylinder press can print 8,000 sheets an hour.
  • 1863: Rotary web-fed letterpress invented by William Bullock.
  • 1865: Web offset press can print on both sides of paper at once.
  • 1886: Linotype composing machineinvented by Ottmar Mergenthaler.
  • 1870: Paper is now mass-manufactured from wood pulp.
  • 1878: Photogravure printing invented by Karl Klic.
  • 1890: Mimeograph machine introduced.
  • 1891: Printing presses can now print and fold 90,000 4-page papers an hour. Diazotype invented (print photographs on fabric).
  • 1892: 4-color rotary press invented.
  • 1904: Offset lithography becomes common. The first comic book is published.
  • 1907: Commercial silk screening invented.
  • 1947: Phototypesetting made practical


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